Associació Catalana de Vexil.lologia


Brigades Internacionals

XI Brigada Internacional
Batalló Thaelmann


Entitat territorial

ESP - España

Status Polític

Estat independent



Inici ús

gener 1937

Final ús

23 setembre 1938


A terra






W / R


Bandera ofrena pel comité Thalemann de França


Luis Sorando Muzás i arxiu ACV

The Thaelmann Battalion, 12th International Brigade  
During November 1936, the British group in the Thaelmann Battalion was involved in a number of small skirmishes to the south of Madrid, as the rebels continued their advance on the Spanish capital. In one disastrous attack on Cerro de los Angeles, a hill to the south of Madrid, David Marshall, one of the volunteers from the Tom Man Centuria, was badly wounded and repatriated back to Britain.

Two weeks before Christmas, the remainder of the battalion was transferred to the village of Boadilla del Monte, to the west of Madrid. But by the time they had arrived the Republicans were already retreating under a fierce rebel offensive. In the confusion the English-speaking group became separated from their Spanish comrades and came under intense machine-gun fire from a ridge which, moments earlier, had earlier been occupied by the Spanish Republican soldiers. As they in turn tried desperately to retreat they were caught in a murderous crossfire with bullets also coming from their own trenches. Only seventeen of approximately forty managed to retreat successfully, with seven of the British volunteers killed.

Meanwhile, British members of the French Commune de Paris Battalion fighting nearby as part of the 11th International Brigade, were also suffering heavy losses.